Charity News. This is pretty close to spot-on. Hi! Take note of the fact that, depending on the time of the year, the shape they form will not always be an upright kite. Sam, Keep watching it for a few hours and you will see it ‘rotate’ as the Earth spins on its axis. It is easily recognizable for the cross-shaped asterism, the Southern Cross, formed by its five brightest stars. From top to bottom (Gacrux to Acrux), it is only about six degrees. Then extend the main axis of the Cross from and in the direction of its brightest star by four and a half times its length. The Southern African Catholic Bishops’ Conference has called on all parishes and the faithful to support The Southern Cross. Hi Guys, Thanks for the info, it really helped when I was teaching ”Space” for Year 8 students, last term. Aren’t these two contradictory? I was struggling with how they could take a sight on an invisible point in the sky! It is the smallest of all 88 constellations. “Extend the line four and a half times the length of the cross. Hopefully, you will find that the diagram will work out with correct number. COVID-19 Information (Last updated: January 12, 2021) Country-Specific Information: The South African Ministry of Health has confirmed more than 1,200,000 cases of COVID-19 within its borders. As you can see the value 4.5 is a good approximation of the more exact value. That’s the way they taught us in Army survival training! Hello Michael. The first step is to identify the Southern Cross – it is a compact group of bright stars close together in the sky with the two Pointer stars always pointing to them from nearby. I’ll give that a go next time I run a Night Tour and see how it goes. Good point Tigersnake, but to use it you need to be lucky enough to be in an area sufficiently far from bright lights so that the Magellanic clouds are visible. Luckily, according to my method, south is always south, just to the left of a small tree and in line with my compass bearing. It is worth practicing this from your backyard as such knowledge will be most helpful if you are ever lost in the bush! And yes, the method does compensate for the changing orientation of the Cross during a night or during the year. When I was first taught to find south using the Southern Cross, the method involved determining the point of intersection of the line drawn along the major axis of the Cross with a line drawn drawn as the perpendicular bisector of the two pointers & south was determined by dropping a line from the point of that intersection to the horizon. Southern Cross Industries is a diversified manufacturing company. Hello Jim. Crux, or the Southern Cross, is a prominent constellation in the southern sky. I for many years have successfully found South using the “Crux” in the Victorian high country -fortunately not often as my compass was on a cord around my neck-but there have been a few occasions. I have known both these ways and always thought they agreed. b. There is a "False Cross" constellation in the Southern Hemisphere as well, so knowing how to locate the correct one is vital for purposes of navigation. Another reason to look for the pointer stars is they keep you from getting confused with another grouping nearby called the False Cross (Delta Velorum, Kappa Velorum, Epsilon Carinae, and Iota Carinae). Lived in the outback from 1982 to mid 1986. Thank you. Not the easiest way! Where that line meets the line formed by the two most widely separated stars in the Southern Cross is the south point in the sky (the South Celestial Pole). First published on 16 October 1920, it has appeared uninterrupted every week since. Four and a half times the length of the major axis of the Cross is a better approximation to the exact value than four times. Hello Dave. The current editor-in-chief is Günther Simmermacher. One of my colleagues gave me a bad rap over the knuckles about this post. The South African Red Cross Society. Southern Cross Accommodation. As the Cross rotates about the South Celestial Pole its major axis always points towards it so that the above diagram applies whatever the orientation. It doesn’t matter whether the person we are caring for … So you might want to visit a local observatory (Perth Observatory) or a local amateur astronomy club/society. Phil, It’s 4.5 times if you start from the brightest star (the closest one to the pole) of the Cross. Thx for the info. Method 1: Extend the main axis of the Cross from and in the direction of its brightest star by four and a half times its length (the span of the main axis of the Cross is approximately 6° while the distance from its brightest star to the South Celestial Pole is approximately 27°). The confusion here may be that no-one has yet stated whether the 4.5 length includes the actual length of the head and base stars of the cross – plus 3.5 times that length. The Southern Cross—South Africa’s only Catholic publication since 1920 The Catholic Church in South Africa is a much smaller church than that of the United States. Another way is to extend the main (long) axis of the cross as one line and a second line is created as a perpendicular bisector of the line joining the two pointers. Not that the False Cross is of no use. why has the southern cross seem to have rotated about 30 – 40 degrees in a anticlockwise position. Draw an imaginary line through the Southern Cross, as shown above The Southern Cross is South Africa's only national Catholic weekly newspaper. How many degrees in a night? The Southern Cross is not circumpolar in South Africa except the southern tip. The meeting place is the approximate location of the South Celestial Pole. The flag of Samoa has the Southern Cross placed on the upper outer quadrant of the flag. The pointer stars are much brighter and much easier to see. http://www.sydneyobservatory.com.au/2013/finding-south-using-the-southern-cross/. Bill, From much of Australia and ll of New Zealand the Cross never sets, it is circumpolar. If you don't see the pointer stars, you are looking at the False Cross. Finding south using the Southern Cross – an essential skill. In the immediate vicinity of the Southern Cross are two very bright "pointer stars," Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, which form a line pointing to the "top" point of the true Southern Cross. Yes, your method of finding south is a good one and it is included in a second blog post on this topic at http://www.sydneyobservatory.com.au/2013/finding-south-using-the-southern-cross/. It is a constellation that roughly forms the shape of a Christian cross, and whose "vertical piece," so to speak, always points in the general direction of south when followed from its "top" to its "bottom." But “south” is parallel to the ground and “south celestial pole” is up in the sky. The initial idea was to distribute Australian manufactured products in South Africa. of South. The S celestial pole is at the end of the tail. Will the longitud axis of the Cross plus its 4.5 times distance to the drop to the horizon rotate around the CSP clockwise? Matthew Weeks has been a public policy and technology writer since 2003. Scratch that, it appears this pic is not to scale and the correct count does not include the cross itself (ie. Unlike the star known as Polaris in the Northern Hemisphere, there is no polar star indicating south in the night sky of the Southern Hemisphere. Offering care means being a companion, not a superior. 4. are we moving in the galaxy or why has it changed. Starting in Pretoria, travel across the imposing Drakensberg … Regarding the other method that you mention involving the perpendicular bisector of the two pointer stars, please see the later blog post http://www.sydneyobservatory.com.au/2013/finding-south-using-the-southern-cross/. If you're north of the equator but south of a latitude of about 25 degrees, which is around say Hawaii and parts of northern Africa, you can still see the Southern Cross. Yes, that is an excellent alternative way of finding south. From “museumvictoria.com.au”……. Identify the Southern Cross and the Two Pointers (part of Centaurus), careful to avoid the ‘false cross’. From Australia or New Zealand – or South America or South Africa – Crux is circumpolar. Thanks, I understand how to find south using the Cross at ground level but can you tell me how a 17th century sailor could establish the altitude of the CSP? Draw an imaginery line down along the longest angle of the cross all the way to the ground. As you say, the pole is 4 1/2 times the length of the cross away from it, and I find an easy way is to look for the Small Magellan Cloud (if you can see it) and find the point half way between it and the Cross. Pepe, Yes, and it rotates at about 15-degrees per hour about the SCP. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Thanks. When using the Pointers to find south, draw a line perpendicular to the line joining the two stars and about halfway between them. How do you find S when the cross is below the horizon. Hello Lukas. How do you find south? Your health is our top priority and we are ready to address all concerns travellers may have surrounding COVID-19. However, there is a useful celestial marker known as Crux, or the Southern Cross. Given that the Cross markedly changes its orientation with time, how does the simpler method compensate for this? The mean of the two measurements would give the latitude. It’s just a point in the sky isn’t it – it’s not like its a star and I believe they needed it to calculate longitude didn’t they? Hello Robyn. Finding south using the Southern Cross, drawing Nick Lomb. Discover Kings Cinema, an art deco cinema in the style of the 1930s installed at Powerhouse Museum. Southern Cross is a diversified manufacturing company based in Bloemfontein, South Africa. This leaves me with the following two questions: 1/ The “four” & the “four & a half” methods can’t both be correct – which is it? Also, with all the questions about 4 vs 4.5, I thot of a way to discribe the process of finding S just with the cross; a way that might resonate with a lot of folks, especially kids. Hello Peter. Shop online at fixed prices or bid on auctions. I would have thought that the diagram in the post would make it clear. Does the method I described return the “exact value” or is there some other method? As long as you remember that the triangle points away from the bright stars Canopus and Achernar it works. I’m from wa so I’m so confused. The Southern Cross (South Africa) is within the scope of WikiProject Catholicism, an attempt to better organize and improve the quality of information in articles related to the Catholic Church.For more information, visit the project page. On looking at the diagram for the 3 1/2 distance, that does not work out. Southern Cross View Gallery. Your email address will not be published. Face to the south in an area with a clear line of sight and an absence of light pollution. It is important to realise that the cross rotates 180 degrees during the night The Southern Cross. Are you able to describe it in more simple terms? If you're there during southern spring and wish to see the Cross, you have to get up in the small hours of the morning when it is coming out again. Thank you Nick, them using a nearby star or a catalogue explains it. Then extend the main axis of the Cross from and in the direction of its brightest star by four and a half times its length. C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. The tail of a kite? Southern Cross Industries (Pty) Ltd commenced business as the "Southern Cross Windmill And Engine Co" during 1939 in the then Union of South Africa. Having said that, this method for me when practiced just now using the stars, seems to give me a South line that is further east of the Scout method (which utilises the Pointers). Draw the 2 lines (right angel center to pointers and through the length of the cross) and where they meet, straight down to horrison is south. Understanding basic Scout’s and Guide’s way to find your direction by the Stars is easy to verify! Still, once you have found the Southern Cross – in August it is leaning on its side in the south-west – in your imagination extend the line between the two furthest apart stars to the left for a distance four and a half times their separation. However, there is a useful celestial marker known as Crux, or the Southern Cross. Note that 4.5 times the length of the main axis from the Southern Cross to the pole is correct. 2/ The method that relies purely on multiples of the length of the major axis doesn’t appear to be able to compensate for the changing orientation of the Cross in the night sky. Hannah, From WA finding the Cross is just the same as from anywhere else in Australia. Obviously they will then also know where north is. ), Repair works and more. Southern Cross Address: V & A Waterfront, Western Cape, 8001, South Africa City of Cape Town Phone number: 021 418 5806,, Fax: 021 418 5821 Categories: Travel, Zero light pollution…. Our products ranges from Agricultural- & Irrigation Equipment, Garden Care, Castings (Iron, Brass, Al. People looking for missing migrants in Southern Africa Hundreds of thousands of migrants lose contact with their family members every year, because of migration, conflict or natural disasters. Unlike the star known as Polaris in the Northern Hemisphere, there is no polar star indicating south in the night sky of the Southern Hemisphere. (Actually, they point just a tad north of Crux, but it is close enough.). Well, you find south as the Cross is in the southern sky and then it is trivial to find north as it is exactly in the opposite direction to south. Hence the number of multiples of the angular length of the long axis of the Cross needed to reach the pole is 26°50’/5°59′ = 4.485. If you have any questions regarding one of our products or need more information concerning a specific service or product, please do not hesitate to contact us … Better way: If the pic is to scale, then it would include the cross (and a further 3.5 lengths) as you suggest Phil. Lesley asks how do you find north using the Southern Cross? From a light-polluted area you could use the same approach (less accurate) with Canopus and Achernar in place of the Clouds, but you would need a little familiarity with the sky to point the triangle the correct way! 10. Now, when we are out boating with our boating friends, we won’t get lost – you’ve also settled a long-time debate. Find southern cross for sale on bidorbuy. On summer evenings (January - March) the Cross is rising in the southeast. Could someone clarify that? Since learning that method I’ve been very happy to accept that as a reliable technique & have often praised whatever ancient mariner it was who first worked out that combination of stars from all of the others up there. cheers. Correct measurement is 4.5 lengths starting from the base)… There are a number of methods that 17th century navigators used to establish the height of the South Celestial Pole or latitude. After locating the Southern Cross and the 2 pointers – bisect the 2 pointers and where this line intersects the long arm of the Cross itself is the south celestial Pole. Even from the far north of the continent it is only missing for a few hours of the day. Often its best if another person shows you. I think I might include this is a novel I am writing…, I suspect Rigil Kent and Hagar are called pointers because they point to the Southern Cross. Being privileged to be caretakers and wardens at the EyreBird Observatory in the old telegraph station at Eyre back in 2006, observations when the Southern Cross turns over about the south celestial pole still prove to be correct in finding South. It's product still reflects the philosophy of solid engineering expertise and consistency. I find that this is easier than figuring out 3 1/2 times a distance. It is published independently but with the support of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference. Required fields are marked *. Where these two “imaginery” lines intersect is South. Go to bidorbuy and discover online shopping at its best! Thank you so much Nick. The Digital Southern Cross. Imagine a line connecting the Pointers. One technique they used to find, say, a small island, was to sail to the correct latitude and then guess whether the island was to their east or west and sail along the latitude until they hit the island. The south you mean is the same thing as south celestial pole? From that point you drop a line directly to the Horizon and that is due South. The Southern Cross is not circumpolar in South Africa except the southern tip. This will bring you to the point in the sky called the South Celestial Pole. Latest News . Crux is not very big. Trust the southern cross.It will take you home.. How do I locate it. Thanks Anthony. Wunnerful! They both lie in the same direction. In order to read The Southern Cross online you will need to login using your subscription username and password. Welcome to the digital version of Southern Africa’s Catholic Magazine. 1 hauled New South Wales' first train and is on permanent display at Powerhouse Museum. 1/28. Why are the pointers useful? The Southern Cross is located near the larger constellation Centaurus, which surrounds it on three sides. The text has been corrected. You can use the first two (δ Vel and κ Vel) to get within one degree of true south. You have now reached the south pole in the sky and if you drop an imaginary line to the horizon from there the point where the line reaches the horizon is due south. Southern Cross Industries (Pty) Ltd first set foot on African soil as the Southern Cross Windmill and Engine Co. Back then, its regulatory head office and factory, Southern Cross Organisation, was based in Toowoomba, Queensland Australia. We are a few short weeks away from welcoming our first guests back to Southern Cross Safaris, in the Eastern Cape South Africa. This panoramic 15-day sojourn winds its way across Southern Africa from the Indian Ocean in the east to the Atlantic … Read More. The first step is to identify the Southern Cross – it is a compact group of bright stars close together in the sky with the two Pointer stars always pointing to them from nearby. Note big difference if covering a few kilometres, but considerable when needing to cover a few hundred. More recently, I’ve been told that south can be determined more simply by extend the major axis by four times its length & now I read here that the method involves measuring four & a half times the length of the major axis. Draw a line from this midpoint at … Thank you A and nam95 for pointing out the discrepancy. Locomotive No. And they are poised to do so! Nor is it all that bright. This method also marries up with the Scout method in finding the South Celestial Pole. Is there something opposite the cross in the S hemisphere? Midway along this line, extend another line at a right angle to it, until it meets another line drawn down the long axis of the Southern Cross. by following method 1 at this very moment in Cape Town in South Africa, south is 3.5 times southern cross’ length according to my compass and not 4.5. Of course, if the navigator knew from a star catalogue how many degrees the observed star was from the SCP then only one observation was necessary. Stargazing from Game Reserves in Southern Africa; Anthony Fairall; 2006. i.e. About. In hazy conditions or bright skies it could be easy to miss. Thanks for your response but I’m still a little in the dark: you mentioned the “exact value” but I’m none the wiser on the method to determine the “exact value” (position?) The Southern Cross, in form of 4 large and 1 small star, is situated in the fly half of the Australian flag. This is in variation with the New Zealand flag which, on its outer part, contains 4 red stars which are consistent with the Southern Cross. Diagrammatic error? d. The point where lines a and c intersect is the South Celestial Pole Imagine if unity, peace, healing, and hope — namely, the gospel — not only spread across tribes and cultures in this country, but extended from here across all of southern Africa! a. Regards My back door in Malawi faces south, and I watch the strange rotations of the Southern Cross every night. Regarding the method described above, the angular distance from Acrux, the closest star of the Cross to the south celestial pole, is 26°50′ and the distance between Acrux and Gacrux, the star of the Cross furthest from the pole, is 5°59′. But if you live south of the equator, it’s not the Big Dipper that people choose as their guide to the night sky. Crux can be found on the national flags … Crux constellation is also bordered by Musca, the Fly.To find the Southern Cross, first look for the two very bright stars nearby, Alpha and Beta Centauri. Weeks holds a bachelor's degree in political science from the College of New Jersey and a master's degree in public policy from Rutgers. The government of South Africa increased the lockdown alert level for South Africa to level 3 on December 29, 2020, which was reinforced on January 11, 2021. The distance from Acrux to the South Celestial Pole is four and a half times the length of the Southern Cross and not three and a half as stated above. I still cannot figure out how to find south using the southern cross. There is a discrepancy between the diagram (4 1/2) and the writing 3 1/2. He has been published on Men's News Daily and Free Republic. Your email address will not be published. You’ll still be lost, but at least you’ll know where south is! On summer evenings (January - March) the Cross is rising in the southeast. I’ll try to attempt locating the Southern Cross from Moorea. From the Pole drop a line straight down to the horizon – that is south. Search for a group of four bright stars and one faint star that form the shape of a kite. Thank you for letting people know how to use the southern cross to find south. You have now reached the South Celestial Pole – the point about which the Cross and all stars turn in the sky. In the N we can use Cassiopia which is opposite the dipper. One method was to measure the altitude of a star near the SCP when it was at its highest point and then 12 hours later at its lowest point. Find the midpoint between the Two Pointers. This diverse nation is a hub for ministry in the surrounding countries. I think this is why “The Pointers” are called “The Pointers”. I hope that this clarifies things for you. Northwards of a latitude of about 33-degrees south the Cross does begin to set but not for long. Locate south by dropping a vertical line from the South Celestial Pole to the horizon. Southern Cross Pass (N2) ... Mountain Passes South Africa is a website dedicated to the research, documentation, photographing and filming of the mountain passes of South Africa. See past project information for Southern Cross Industries, Hamilton, Bloemfontein including projects, photos, costs, reviews and more. The Strasburg Clock model has been one of the most popular exhibits at Powerhouse Museum for over 100 years. Honestly, this is much more practical! If you want to see this for yourself, check it out on the Neave planetarium, an on line planetarium you can operate yourself. > this is also the way I was taught in the navy. If you are looking for Southern Cross holiday accommodation , SafariNow has a selection of Self-catering, holiday accommodation in Southern Cross and surrounds. In the 17th century navigators could not determine their longitude, that is, how far east or west they were from a particular point like Greenwich. The Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences acknowledges Australia’s First Nations Peoples as the Traditional Owners and Custodians of the land and gives respect to the Elders – past and present – and through them to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Ensure that you are viewing the Southern Cross and not the "False Cross." or whether it is 4.5 times along from the base star. As a frame of reference, the pointer stars in Ursa Major (Merak and Dubhe) are only five degrees apart. A grand adventure offering amazing insight into well-known destinations across South Africa. Mmapadi 2. Anthony in Malawi 4 step’s is how I was taught to do it. They grab your attention. That is exactly what my Dad told me when I was a kid. Many people think the cross simply points south, but if you don’t understand that it rotates with the sky you would walk in a big half circle. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are advised that the MAAS website contains a range of material which may be culturally sensitive including records of people who may have passed away. Southern Cross takes pride in supplying our customers with excellent products and remarkable customer service. Good Hope. Hello again Michael. If you're there during southern spring and wish to see the Cross, you have to get up in the small hours of the morning when it is coming out again. October 4, 2019 Love, care and treasure the elderly people in the society. Interestingly, the Southern Cross has been depicted on the flags of several different antipodean countries. around the south celestial pole. Otherwise, thank you. — how do you estimate 4.5x the length of the Southern Cross? In spite of its size, Crux is one of the best known constellations in the southern hemisphere. I hope that helps. In place of it you could use the Magellanic Clouds – they form (roughly) an equilateral triangle with the southern celestial pole. Nick, maybe a diagram of the second method using the “Pointers” bisected could be included on your web page. A wrong guess could be disastrous as they would miss the island and possibly run out of water and fresh food. Draw an imaginary line through the two Pointers If you’re lost in the bush this method will definitely help you find south. c. Draw an imaginary line perpendicular to this If you don't know which direction you are facing, slowly scan the horizon in a circle from your position in the winter, or scan points high in the sky in the summer. With 3 listings in Southern Cross, our handy Southern Cross map search and great low prices, it's easy to book the perfect holiday accommodation for your Southern Cross visit. It compensates for the stars’ rotation. Jim. 3. Looking at the night sky around Woomera South Australia in 1983! Using the pointer method, how do u know where to go perpendicular from the line created through the pointers? e. Drop perpendicular as above If you are a digital subscriber, then please use the following form to login. Imagine the Cross is a kite with a tail that extends straight away from the kite and is 4.5 times the length of the kite itself. 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Nearby star or a catalogue explains it and always thought they agreed subscriber, please. During the year how do you find South using the Southern Cross. of it you could how to find the southern cross in south africa Magellanic! ’ as the Earth spins on its axis Cassiopia which is opposite the dipper in a anticlockwise position can figure! In more simple terms Industries, Hamilton, Bloemfontein including projects, photos, costs, reviews more! Knuckles about this post except the Southern Cross, formed by its five brightest stars sam, Keep watching for...
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