25. If you are really interested in knowing everything there is to know about the state of Alaska it's highly recommended… Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Unfortunately, they also brought diseases to which the native people had no immunity. Male bears are called boars, females are sows, and youngsters are cubs. Humpbacks are also known for their ability to sing. The territory at the time was affected by blizzard conditions which did not allow airplanes to fly and hence the life saving serum was delivered with the help of dogs. Several have erupted in recent times. 28. The name Alaska is derived from the Aleut alaxsxa or alaxsxix̂, both meaning “mainland” or “great land.” Indeed, Alaska has an immense area and a great variety of physical characteristics. [34], 13. 15. Alaska joined the U.S. on January 3, 1959. Indeed because the state has a great variety of characteristics and immense area. According to the Alaska Department of Fish and Game, there are five types of salmon species thriving in their waters: sockeye, chum, coho (silver), chinook (king) and pink. The new area included vast stretches of unexplored land and untapped resources. Did you know that Anchorage, Alaska, is the fourth largest city by land area in the United States? This helps create jobs in the state, and 30.60% of … In the area, AK is greater than California, Texas and Montana combined. The Russian-American Company (RAC) governed Alaska between the years 1799 and 1867. Facts about Alaska’s industry and economy . By the early 1900’s, the territory of Alaska was already rich with natural resource discoveries, including coal, gold and other minerals. To make it earthquake resilient, the pipeline was build in a zigzag pattern. It has no land bordering states. Alaska is home to an estimated 7,000 to 11,000 wolves. Vitus Bering, a Dane working for the Russians, and Alexei Chirikov discovered the Alaskan mainland and the Aleutian Islands in 1741. [1], 3. The Anchorage Museum of History and Art (121 W 7th Ave), also in Anchorage, offers a history exhibition along with hundreds of native art pieces. In the Alaska Range north of Anchorage is Denali (Mount McKinley), 20,310 feet (6,190 metres) high—the highest peak in North America. Alaska is the most popular state for flying in the U.S. One of every 58 Alaskans is a registered pilot, … [23], 30. Alaska Facts: Alaska boasts the northernmost (Point Barrow), the easternmost (Pochnoi Point on Semisopochnoi Island in the Aleutians), and the westernmost (Amatignak Island in the Aleutians) points in the United States. Alaska is the largest state in the U.S. and it was the 49th state to be admitted into the Union. This means "the mainland" or "the object towards which the action of the sea is directed." The Alaska willow ptarmigan is the state bird of Alaska. Its feathered feet also help this sedentary bird walk on the frozen ground.[38]. At the time of European contact by the Russian explorers, the area was populated by Alaska Native groups. A large male can stand over 10′ tall when on his hind legs, and 5′ when on all four legs. Alaska Airlines history The Alaska Spirit is born For over 85 years, Alaska Airlines and the people who make us who we are, have been guided by integrity, caring, ingenuity, professionalism, and a unique spirit—a spirit that has grown out of our geographical roots. The other four are Delaware, Montana, Oregon, and New Hampshire. The race has gained increased media attention and now the corporate are also sponsoring the event. Alaskan culture may not immediately appear different than the other 48 states, yet the state’s outdoorsy inhabitants engage in a range of activities which are unique to Alaska. This feature helps the bird save itself from predators. 731,545. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. 26. Nearly one-third of the state lies within the Arctic Circle, and about four-fifths of Alaska is underlain by permafrost (permanently frozen sediment and rock). Upon attaining statehood, Alaska increased the size of the United States by nearly one-fifth. The added amount of sunlight provides for photosynthesis bonus which helps the plants get bigger and sweeter. [12], 24. Europeans arrived in the area in the 18th century. Because the 180th meridian passes through the state’s Aleutian Islands, Alaska’s westernmost portion is in the Eastern Hemisphere. [8], 22. Alaska History Timeline Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Alaska History. Did you know that the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for just $7.2 million dollars? Denali (Mt. State Nick Name: "The Last Frontier" - the name Alaska is derived from the Aleut word "Aleyska," meaning "great land." Remembering "Tent City". Alaska and Russia are very close by. Alaska, the largest, yet least densely populated US state, was the 49th state admitted to the United States in 1959 after being bought from Russia in 1867. The airliner, however, managed to land safely in Anchorage. British merchants a… Alaska’s eastern border with Canada is about 1,538 miles (2,475 km) long, more than one-third the length of the entire U.S. boundary with Canada (3,987 miles [6,416 km]). Native Eskimo and Aleut tribes inhabited the Alaska area before it was discovered by Vitus Bering, a Dane exploring for the Russians, in 1741.Vitus Bering was the first to map the west coast of Alaska. Wolves have never been threatened or endangered in Alaska.[32,33]. In 1884 Congress established Alaska as a judicial land district, federal district courts were set up, and a school system was initiated. The most violent volcanic eruption of the century took place in 1912 when Novarupta Volcano erupted, creating the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes which is now part of Katmai National Park. The 1898 Klondike Gold Rush would change that, luring numerous prospectors to Alaska seeking quick fortunes. In 1906 Alaska’s first representative to Congress, a nonvoting delegate, was elected, and in 1912 Congress established the Territory of Alaska, with an elected legislature. Alaska became an organized (or incorporated) territory on May 11, 1912. Rimming the state on the south is one of Earth’s most-active earthquake belts, the circum-Pacific seismic belt. Juneau's the place to go for midnight sun. [18], 33. The boundary leaves a patch of international waters, known as the “Doughnut Hole,” in the Bering Sea. The difficulty of finding a balance between conservation and development in an enormous land has been ongoing since the beginning of the 20th century. The southern coast and the panhandle at sea level are fully temperate regions. Alyáska) was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula. Author of numerous articles on Alaskan geography. They weigh up to 1,500 pounds.[10,17]. These early hunter-gatherers dispersed, eventually becoming three distinct groups: Aleut, Eskimo, and Indian.Ages passed before overseas voyagers rediscovered Alaska. All Rights Reserved. Alaska (nicknamed: Great Land, Land of the Midnight Sun, The Last Frontier, Mainland State, 49th State, Sourdough State, North Star State, Up Over, Seward’s Ice Box, Seward’s Folly) has 27 counties. Omissions? 18. Alaska lies at the extreme northwest of the North American continent, and the Alaska Peninsula is the largest peninsula in the Western Hemisphere. The record, it means object to which the action of the total area of five! Has more than 70 potentially active volcanoes, most of the race have changed over the 1799! 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