Cajanus cajan L is a perennial member of the family Leguminosae, commonly known as ‘pigeonpea’ or ‘redgram’ in English and ‘arhar’ in Hindi. and Phatak, S.C. (2003) Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. It is very sensitive to low radiation at pod development and requires full sunlight at this growth phase. Exch. The plant is self-fertile. It is grown for its protein- rich seeds since ancient days (De 1974). Pigeonpea does best when broadcast and covered, or drilled into a well-prepared seedbed with row spacing of about 35 cm, and sowing depth of 2.5–10 cm. It is consumed as a major source of protein (21%) to the hum … https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cajanus&oldid=980735968, Taxa named by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 04:22. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. Genus: Cajanus Adans. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. (1981) Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. The Mlo gene family has been characterized in several crop species, but only a single legume species, soybean (Glycine max L.), has been investigated so far. Plants can be grown in and around fields as a windbreak to protect crops and hinder soil erosion. Natural outcrossing varies from 5 to 70 per cent depending on prevailing weather conditions (temperature, humidity, wind velocity and direction), insect pollinators (usually honeybees) and their location in relation to crop field and flower morphology of genotypes. Pigeonpea is the main protein source for more than a billion people in the developing world. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram ... Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Has grown well with Chloris gayana and been planted into pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. Experimentally, yields of about 2–6 t/ha have been recorded, but more generally yields are around 700–800 kg/ha. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop. ), plume moth (Exelastis atomosa) and blue butterfly (Lampides boeticus). It has a self-supporting growth form. Related Links. bit.ly/3bsoSK6. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. Most breeding and selection work on Cajanus cajan has been carried out with respect to grain production. Contact us about this record. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). [Cajanus Cajan (L.) Millsp.] When used in intercropping systems, the deep root system competes less with associated crops than do some other legumes. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Cutting at above 15 cm height allows regrowth for a second crop. – cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. In this study, we have identified 120 UGT genes in pigeonpea and performed a bioinformatics analysis, which showed their tissue-specific and stress-induced expression patterns. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. 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